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Literally meaning “building house,” Bauhaus was German art school that operated from 1919 to 1933. The school was famous for its approach to design, combining crafts and the fine arts in its curriculum. Bauhaus attempted to unify foundations of mass production with individual artistry. The school was founded by architect Walter Gropius and became one of the most influential forces in modern design, architecture, and architectural education. Gropius was interested in creating a space for all of the schools of arts to come together in what was called, “Gesamtkunstwerk” or a “total” work of art. Bauhaus, also known as the International Style, is known for its absence of ornamentation, and a sense of harmony between function and design.

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